忽必烈设立浮粱磁局---元官窑

kublai khan Set up Fuliang Porcelain Bureau --- Yuan Imperial Kiln

公元1271年,元帝国建立。元代统治者崇尚白色,“国俗尚白,以白为吉。其服饰、建筑都崇尚白色,白色的瓷器同样成为元代帝王的珍爱。白瓷在元代的景德镇有很大的发展,优质的白瓷引起朝廷的高度重视。1278年,元世祖忽必烈在景德镇设立第一个官窑--浮粱磁局,专为元皇室烧造瓷器。元代景德镇成功地烧造出枢府瓷、青花和釉里红瓷,取得卓越成就,为明清两代制瓷工艺的高度发展奠定了基础,景德镇并因此在日后成为全国的制瓷中心,赢得了瓷都的桂冠。

 In 1271, the empire of Yuan Dynasty was founded. Rulers of the dynasty adored white color in that they believed whiteness is auspicious. They favored the color of white for their costumes and architectures. White porcelains became the apple of Yuan emperors’ eye. The production of white porcelain in Yuan Dynasty made impressive progress. Top-grade white porcelain drawn high attention from the imperial court. In 1278,kublai khan, the fifth emperor of the Yuan Dynasty, established the first imperial kin -- Fuliang Porcelain Bureau in Jingdezhen for the purpose of exclusively firing porcelains for Yuan’s imperial family. Jingdezhen successfully fired shufu (egg white glaze), blue-and-white and underglaze-red porcelains. The extraordinary achievements it made laid foundation for the extensive development of porcelain craftsmanship during Ming and Qing Dynasty. Therefore JIngdezhen becomes the nation’s center of porcelain-making later and be crowned as the “Capital of Porcelain”.