明宪宗创导成化斗彩新风
The Rise of Doucai in the Ming Dynasty

 
明宪宗成化帝--朱见深对景德镇御厂的生产相当热心和执着,这位具有深厚艺术修养,又善于绘画的帝王,对小巧精致的工艺品情有独钟。成化皇帝的审美情趣和个人喜好直接影响到御窑厂的生产,在他的创导下,成化官窑烧造出瓷质精美、彩饰优雅、小巧别致的斗彩瓷器,成为明代官窑之冠。成化斗彩一直被人视为拱璧,古时就有“神宗(万历帝)御前尚食,有成杯一双,价值十万”的记载,而在成化朝之后的510年--公元1997年的香港索士比拍卖会上,一只成化斗彩鸡缸杯竟拍出2917万港币的天价,这恐怕连成化皇帝自己也始料未及。
Chenghua Emperor of the Ming Dynasty paid much attention to ceramic making of the Imperial Kiln in Jingdezhen. He was not only adept at painting but also had high accomplishments in art. He had a affection of small artistic wares, which made a direct influence on the wares made by the Imperial Kiln. Under his initiatives, the Imperial Kiln in the reign of Chenghua produced Doucai (contrasting color) featuring fancy quality, elegant decorations and small but exquisite shapes. Doucai was referred to as the crown of wares from the Imperial Kiln in the Ming Dynasty. Chenghua-era Doucai was always recognized as the “holy grail” by the public. An ancient record told that “Emperor Wanli of the Ming Dynasty had a pair of cups on his dinning table, with the value amounting to a hundred thousand Wen (currency unit)”. In 1997 A.D., 510 years after the reign of Chenghua, at Sotheby’s auction in Hong Kong, a chicken cup in Chenghua Doucai was sold at a new record as high as HK$29.17 million. The price would be far beyond Chenghua Emperor’s expectations.